San Diego State University
Department of Psychology
Jeffrey M. Conte
Hemingway, M. A., & Conte, J.
M. (2003). The perceived fairness of layoff practices. Journal of Applied
Social Psychology. 33, 1588-1617.
Policy capturing was used to identify layoff practices having the greatest
impact on the perceived fairness of layoffs. Twenty-three full-time employees
rated the fairness of 100 hypothetical layoffs incorporating each of 12 layoff
practices that reflected different approaches to organizational justice.
Managerial consistency in implementing layoffs, an unbiased layoff policy,
and the size of severance packages had the strongest influence on fairness
judgments. These results suggest that practices reflecting structural
aspects of justice play the greatest role in layoff fairness perceptions
whereas practices consistent with social aspects of justice may be relatively
less important. (Copyright 2003, V. H. Winston & Son, Inc.).